ADGA presents the following information to assist producers, breeders, & dairy goat enthusiasts.

Five Freedoms: A History 

In 1965, a committee of the British government developed a “Report of the Technical Committee to Enquire into the Welfare of Animals Kept Under Intensive Livestock Husbandry Systems” also known as “The Brambell Report.”

From that initial report, the Farm Animal Welfare Council (then known as Farm Animal Welfare Advisory Committee), was formed and developed the Five Freedoms in 1979:

  • Freedom from Hunger and Thirst: by ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigor.
  • Freedom from Discomfort: by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
  • Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease: by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
  • Freedom to Express Normal Behavior: by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal’s own kind.
  • Freedom from Fear and Distress: by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering.

The Five Freedoms have been adopted by many international groups, including the World Organization for Animal Health.  Most Animal Welfare audits are based on the Five Freedoms.

Resources that can assist in supporting Dairy Goat Well-Being

Download the Five Freedoms Poster

Five Freedoms Poster PDF

Body Condition scoring:

Elizabeth Henning, a former appraiser for the American Dairy Goat Association, explains the Dairy Goat Body Condition Scoring system.

Visit our Body Condition Scoring video on YouTube.







Evaluation Sites


Factors affecting Body Condition.  Learn more by downloading this Body Condition Scoring Paper (pdf) (Copyright pending)

Well-being reference links:

The appearance of external links, including subsequent links contained on these sites does not constitute endorsement by ADGA. They are being provided in order to provide additional resources.  Contact the external site for answers to questions regarding content.

Humane Farm Animal Care Standards

USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Animal Well-Being

UC Davis Extension, Goat Care Practices

Disaster planning

Emergency response

Canadian Animal Welfare Site

Australian Industry Welfare Standards and Guidelines for Goats